Developing Countries Will Lead Global Rice Import Growth in 2013-22, Says USDA Rice growers positive California MG prices are UP Russia MG Harvest coming to end Egypt open rice exports Vietnam’s rice export in tough competition with India Thai rice exports in May Rise Above Target This Year Viet-Nam Rice exports likely to fall this year
Australia Medium Grain Rice #1 $ N/A    Egypt 101 #2 $760    Egypt 178 #2 Rice $730    EU Prices Baldo €660    EU Prices LG-A Ariete 5% €550    EU Prices MG Lotto 5% €500    EU Prices RG Balilla 5% €500    Russia Rapan $ 700    USA Jupiter Paddy $375    USA Calrose #1 Paddy $480    USA Jupiter Rice $630    USA Calrose #1 $830   

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EU Options for sustainable rice productions
Options for sustainable rice productions

Rice is a good example of the multifunctionality of European agriculture in which production of quality food goes together with rural development and conservation of the environment. Submerged rice cultivation is fundamental for a sustainable management of the wet ecosystems (estuaries, river basins, albuferas, etc.) where the crop is grown. Many European rice fields are located in natural parks or environmentally protected areas. The future of rice in the European countries will most likely be related to the development of new varieties and environmentally and economically sustainable methods of production which allow to increase rice yield and quality by improving water and fertilizer efficiency and minimizing the use of crop protection products. One of the most effective means of meeting these goals is research. In the last four decades rice science has made considerable progress. Important advances have been made for instance by replacing traditional varieties with new varieties with better traits such as, for instance, dwarf size, improved nutrients response, shorter growing cycle, tolerance to pests and diseases. Further achievements are expected in development of varieties tolerant to drought and salinity thanks to the recent success in rice genome mapping. Most existing high-yielding varieties have a potential yield that usually exceeds actual yield which is obtained by farmers. The gap reflects numerous deficiencies in crop management (Van Tran, 2001). In other areas of rice cultivation (e.g. Australia and Egypt) it has been demonstrated that much of this gap could be reduced by applying Rice Integrated Crop Management (RICM) systems (Clampett et al., 2001). The development and dissemination of RICM systems in Europe could help lower production costs and minimize environmental impact of agricultural practises (Nguyen, 2002). The adoption of hybrid rice technology would be another major step in raising the yield potential (Christou, 1994). Hybrid rice varieties, which are cultivated on a large scale since many years in China and are being developed in Egypt, have demonstrated to provide a yielding advantage of 15-20% over the existing high-yielding varieties. The adoption of these varieties in the European countries, however, still need technologies to increase the F1 yield and lower, consequently, the cost of the hybrid seed. Promising results with these varieties have already been obtained in Spain and Italy. A crucial aspect of the success in rice research is collaboration among the few scientist working in the European rice Centres. Sharing the research programmes is a valuable way to address the issue of the scarce financial resources and take advantage from the transfer of information and advanced research methodologies which result in a shortening the time needed to solve problems. Numerous research programmes at a national or international level have been set up throughout Europe. They include main aspect of rice science from agronomic management to breeding, quality, environment and market aspects. Several research projects carried out in Europe and the Mediterranean regions have been fostered by Medrice, the FAO inter- Regional Cooperative Research Network on rice in the Mediterranean Climate areas. This organization was created in 1990, first under the name MedNetRice, to promote scientific exchanges among rice scientists working in the Mediterranean areas and in other regions with a Mediterranean climate. Thanks to the association to the “Centre international des hautes études agronomiques méditerranéennes” (Ciheam), the network has published a large number of technical documents, bulletins (Medoryaze) and proceedings of several seminars and conferences. Research institutions from sixteen countries participate at present in Medrice: Bulgaria, Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Morocco, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Spain, Turkey, the UK, the Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. Some of the important subjects considered in the collaborative research include resistance to blast, stemborers and diseases, quality and competitiveness of European rice, control of red rice, cataloguing of rice genetic resources in the region. ■
MGR Archive 16.9.2007
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Region Type Price  
Russia Rapan $ 700
USA Jupiter Rice $630
USA Calrose #1 $830
USA Calrose #1 Paddy $480
EU Prices Baldo €660
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