Developing Countries Will Lead Global Rice Import Growth in 2013-22, Says USDA Rice growers positive California MG prices are UP Russia MG Harvest coming to end Egypt open rice exports Vietnam’s rice export in tough competition with India Thai rice exports in May Rise Above Target This Year Viet-Nam Rice exports likely to fall this year
Australia Medium Grain Rice #1 $ N/A    Egypt 101 #2 $760    Egypt 178 #2 Rice $730    EU Prices Baldo €660    EU Prices LG-A Ariete 5% €550    EU Prices MG Lotto 5% €500    EU Prices RG Balilla 5% €500    Russia Rapan $ 700    USA Jupiter Paddy $375    USA Calrose #1 Paddy $480    USA Jupiter Rice $630    USA Calrose #1 $830   

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EU Production Update
During the last 10 years rice cultivation in the European Union has remained roughly unchanged at about 400,000 ha (table 1). The two top rice producers are Italy (224,000 ha) and Spain (117,000 ha). These two countries together contribute more than 80% of the total rice production in Europe. Some slight variations in the harvested area have been recorded in each country of cultivation, in relation to the market price or water availability. According to the last estimates in the 2006 season the global area of cultivation should record a slight reduction, with a moderate increase (about 4,000 ha) in Italy and a significant reduction in Spain (17,000 ha) because of limited water supply.In most countries rice production mostly occurs in concentrated areas such as, the Po valley in Italy, the Rhone delta in France, the Tessaloniky area in Greece. In Spain and Portugal rice cultivation is scattered in several areas such as the Aragon area, the Ebro delta, the Valencia Albufera, the Guadalquivir valley in Spain, the Tejo and Mondego valleys in Portugal.The other major non-EU rice-producing countries in Europe or in the Mediterranean region are Egypt (660,000 ha) and Turkey (80,000 ha) (table 1) (figure 1).In 2005 the average crop yield was quite variable as it ranged from 7.3 t/ha (Greece) to 4.8 t/ha (Portugal) in the EU and from 9.8 (Egypt) to 4.4 (Ukraine) in other non-EU and Mediterranean countries. In Egypt the average yield has increased dramatically in the past 20 years, from 5.7 t/ha, in 1985 to 8.2 in 1995 and 9.8, in 2005.The ecological conditions of rice cultivation are quite variable. In Italy, the climate of rice production is temperate-continental, with a cold winter and warm summer and main rainfall occurring during the first stages of the crop growth (April-June) and the harvesting period (September-October) (FAO, 1996). In most of the other countries the climate is sub-tropical (Mediterranean climate) with a dry summer and warm, dry, clear days and long growing season. Rice is primarily grown on fine-textured, poorly drained soils with impervious hardpans and claypans that are not much suitable to other crops. A few of the soils are sandy in the surface horizon, but are underlain with hardpans. The pH can range from 4 to 8 and organic matter from 0.5 to 10%. In most coastal areas soils are saline or very saline (e.g. the Camargue in France, Ebro delta in Spain). In these conditions rice growing has virtually become a single crop business.Rice is planted from early April to end-May and harvested from mid-September to end October. During all or almost all cycle of cultivation rice fields are maintained flooded, mainly to protect the plant from the low temperatures, avoid fast temperature variations and limit weed growth. The level of the water varies over the cultural season. It is kept at 5-7 cm during the first stages of the crop growth, in order to promote rice growth and root anchorage and at 10-15 cm after rice tillering, mainly to avoid pollen sterility effects caused by low temperatures during crop flowering. Throughout the rice cultivation season, water is usually drained away 2-3 times to improve crop rooting or allow fertilization and herbicide spraying. About 20-30 days prior to harvesting rice fields are completely drained to facilitate harvesting operations. In about 40,000 ha, mostly grown in Italy, seeds are drilled to dry soil in rows. Starting from the 3-4 leaf stage the rice is flooded continually, as in the conventional system. Most of the irrigation water comes from rivers (Po in Italy, Ebro and Guadalquivir in Spain, Evros in Greece, etc.) and lakes (Albufera in Spain). According to the different management conditions the water requirements over a cultural season varies considerably from 18,000 to 40,000 m3/ha.Precision land grading, obtained with laser-directed equipments, is an agronomic practise that has greatly contributed to better water management, and consequently to increase crop stand establishment and improved weed control.Seedbeds are frequently prepared by ploughing at about 20 cm in depth in autumn right after the harvest of the previous crop.In Western Europe rice seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours before planting and then mechanically broadcasted in flooded fields. Unsoaked seeds may float on the water surface and distribute unevenly in the field. In most countries planting operation is carried out by ground equipments, in Spain frequently by airplane.Fertilization is mostly carried out by supplying mineral fertilizers (100, 50, 100 kg/ha of N; P, K, respectively). Surveys carried out in north-west Italy pointed out that soil reaction of paddy soils is poorly related to the agronomic practises. As consequence of the massive use of fertilizers, in several sites the phosphorous content is very high, and could represent and environmental issue for surface water.About 70% of the European rice area is planted with japonica varieties and the remainder with indica-type varieties.
MGR Archive 4.9.2007
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Region Type Price  
Russia Rapan $ 700
USA Jupiter Rice $630
USA Calrose #1 $830
USA Calrose #1 Paddy $480
EU Prices Baldo €660
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