Developing Countries Will Lead Global Rice Import Growth in 2013-22, Says USDA Rice growers positive California MG prices are UP Russia MG Harvest coming to end Egypt open rice exports Vietnam’s rice export in tough competition with India Thai rice exports in May Rise Above Target This Year Viet-Nam Rice exports likely to fall this year
Australia Medium Grain Rice #1 $ N/A    Egypt 101 #2 $760    Egypt 178 #2 Rice $730    EU Prices Baldo €660    EU Prices LG-A Ariete 5% €550    EU Prices MG Lotto 5% €500    EU Prices RG Balilla 5% €500    Russia Rapan $ 700    USA Jupiter Paddy $375    USA Calrose #1 Paddy $480    USA Jupiter Rice $630    USA Calrose #1 $830   

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The world's annual rice production must grow
Keeping in view of coping with the population growth, the world's annual rice production must grow toughly 760 million tones by 2020. However, many countries, particularly in Asia, lack arable land on which to increase rice production, and most of the demand for more rice must, therefore, be met by increasing the yield per unit land area.

The use of hybrid rice is being suggested as a strategy to help raise the current yield ceiling of rice in countries like Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia and Philippines. Available information on economic analysis indicates that countries like India, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Bangladesh with a high labour and land ratio and a higher proportion of irrigated area are likely to have the highest potential demand for hybrid rice technology. The successful development of hybrid rice in early 1970s in China is a great breakthrough in rice breeding, providing an effective approach to increase rice yield by a big margin. Recently, hybrid rice covers 15 million hectares or half of the total area in China. It has been proved practically for many years that hybrid rice has more than 20% yield advantage over improved inbred varieties. The yearly increased rice yield in China due to growing hybrid rice can feed 60 million people each year. China's experiences showed that the expansion of hybrid rice area is the most efficient and economic way to meet the future rice demands of a growing population.

According to FAO, the area under hybrid rice in 1990 was 10% of the world rice area but it produced 20% of the total rice production. From this, we can roughly calculate that, if the conventional rice were completely replaced by hybrid rice, the total rice production in the world would be doubled and could meet the food requirements of one billion more people.

Therefore, accelerating the development of hybrid rice in the world would be very helpful in solving the starvation problem affecting mankind. The advancement of hybrid rice production in China has greatly encouraged many countries to develop their own hybrid rice.

The Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) initiated work on hybrid rice in 1990s, and has successfully developed and released one-hybrid rice for commercial cultivation in 2000. The use of hybrid rice is being suggested as a strategy to help raise the current yield ceiling of rice in countries like Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines etc., so as to meet our projected demand for food grains.

The scientific works are in progress to realize the 15 tone per hectre yield potentiality of hybrid rice. The development of science and technology will never stop. The C4 plant, such as maize, has a higher photosynthetic efficiency than C3 plant, such as rice. Transferring C4 genes from maize into rice may increase photosynthetic efficiency of rice. Excitingly, C4 genes from maize have been successfully cloned and transferred into rice plant by Hong Kong Chinese University and China National Hybrid Rice Research and Development Centre. By using this transgenic plant as donor to introduce C4 genes into parents of super hybrid rice is under way. If this approach is achieved the yield potential of rice could be further increased by a big margin.

Relying on this progress, the target has been set for achieving 13.5 tone yield per hectare of super hybrid rice by 2010. Based on experience and experimental findings, scientists at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines, believe that yield level of rice could be raised by 20% to 25% through selective improvement of major yield components.

On the basis of extensive analysis of growth characteristics and yield potential, they have been modelling new plant types (NPT) for irrigated and rainfed ecologies. Breeding lines having new morphological frame developed for irrigated ecology are reported to be under field-testing. These lines are believed to be capable of yielding as much as 13-15 tones per hectare by replacing existing varieties of yielding capacity of 6-7 tones per hectare.

Globally, there is much talk and debate on the impact of GMO (Genetically Modified Organism). Researchers, Scientists and Technologists (RST) is in favour of advancement and dissemination of GMO crops using genetic engineering module. Very often we observe, a cross section of naturalists and civil socialists, sociologists, socio-economists (Naturalists and Civil Societies-NCS) viewed that the GMO may not be a complete blessing for human being. It may have negative impact on the nutrition and food chain for human beings as well as create natural imbalance.

The governments of different developed and developing countries have now been divided into two groups; one group is with Researchers, Scientists and Technologists (RST) and another group is with NCS. If we put our imagination on the requirement of food for the hungry people in the globe, from our past experience, we can see that by 2025, global cereal food demand will increase by about 40% because of increasing population and improved income. Their (RST's) noble concern is how to meet up the requirement of 880 million tones of rice for feeding the world population in 2025 while 554 million tones of rice were needed in 1995. The increased demand for food will have to be met with less land, less water, less labour, and less pesticide. Thus, shifting the frontier research for better yield is an important goal for scientists around the world. Biotechnology will be major driver of change in the field of agriculture. Biotechnology and genetic engineering could be the path to create revolutionary change and usher in a new era of value creation in agriculture. Ignoring it would create a period of strategic and competitive "disequilibria,"-as predicted by the RST.

The adoption of genetically modified (GM) rice in China not only involves the most important food crop in the world, but the culture of Asia as well. It will provide the stimulus that will have a major impact on the acceptance of GM rice in Asia and, more generally, on the acceptance of GM food, feed and fibre crops worldwide. In 2003, the three most populous countries in Asia namely (i) China, (ii) India and (iii) Indonesia (total population 2.5 billion and a combined GDP of over US$ 1.5 trillion) have all officially grown GM crops. The Philippines has also grown about 20,000 ha of Bt maize for the first time in 2003. In addition, three principal countries in the Asia and Pacific region landed in the top ten GM crop growing countries in 2003. The Bt rice (Golden rice) which is likely to be adopted in China in the near future. Taking all factors into account, the outlook for 2010 points to continued growth in the global coverage of GM crops, up to 152 million hectares, with about 15 million farmers growing GM crops in 30 countries. So far 18 countries have adopted biotech / GM crops. In 2004, the global area of biotech GM crops has shown sustained double-digit growth for the seventh consecutive year, with a growth rate of 20 %, compared with 15 % in 2003 and 12 % in 2002. The global area of approved biotech GM crops for 2004 was 33 million hectares, with involvement on 8.25 million farmers in 18 countries, up from 27 millions hectares in 2003 cultivated by 7 million farmers in 17 countries and 6 million farmers in 16 countries in 2002. In 2004, biotech GM crops occupied 5% of the 1.49 billion hectares of all global cultivable cropland. The increase in GM crop area between 2003 and 2004 of 13.31 million hectares is the second highest on record. Notably, 90% of the beneficiary farmers were resource poor from developing countries, whose increased incomes from GM crops continued to the alleviation of poverty.
MGR Archive 6.5.2007
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Russia Rapan $ 700
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