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Record level 2004 grain production in Poland.
On September 23 the Polish Main Statistical Office (GUS) published its second 2004 official crop estimate. According to the new publication, GUS estimates total grain production at about 29 MMT, 1-2 MMT larger than the first estimate published at the end of July. The current GUS crop estimate is based on crop area and yield estimates, crop checking and due to estimates of GUS’s local and central experts. This year’s crop was influenced by unusually favorable agro-meteorological conditions. There were very good weather conditions during the entire growing season, from sowing until harvest. The very good weather conditions were particularly favorable for grain and rapeseed. In addition to the influence of excellent weather conditions, the larger crop was achieved also due to an increase in acreage. In addition, the grain structure was better as there was a larger share of higher yielding grains. The higher-yielding grain area was particularly evident on large-scale farms. These farms usually have a sufficient supply of certified seeds and larger use of fertilizers and plant protection chemicals. Plant health conditions were also better than last year. There was less disease and insect presence, which also fostered higher yields.
The relatively large correction in GUS’s estimate is a result of the weather’s impact on crops during harvest time that was not considered in the earlier estimate. This weather extended the final growing stage for kernels and allowed them to mature properly. Harvest losses resulting from wet conditions were rather minimal. Each type of grain is estimated to be at least 20 percent larger compared to the previous year.
GUS estimates a 2004 total grain area of 8.4 million hectares, 2.7% larger than in 2003, but 4.7% smaller than the average area for 1996-2000. The average 2004 grain yield is estimated at 3.46 tons per hectare, which is 20.6% above the average yield in 2003 and 21.0% over the 1996-2000 average. The total grain crop is estimated at 29.0 MMT, which is 5.6 MMT or 24.1% above 2003 production and 3.8 MMT or 15.3% more than the average for 1996-2000. Of total grain production, wheat is estimated at 9.5 MMT, 21.1% more than in 2003; rye at 4.2 MMT, 33.2% more than a year ago; barley at 3.5 MMT, 24.1% more; oats at 1.4 MMT, 20.3% more; triticale 3.6 MMT, 28.9% more than a year ago; mixed grain at 4.3 MMT, 17.3% more; and corn at 2.4 MMT, 29.3% more than in 2003.
MGR Archive 10.10.2004
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Region Type Price  
Russia Rapan $ 700
USA Jupiter Rice $630
USA Calrose #1 $830
USA Calrose #1 Paddy $480
EU Prices Baldo €660
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