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Burma`s beans and pulses production in CY 2004
USDA, August 6, 2004
Post forecasts that Burma’s beans and pulses production will reach 2.9 million metric tons (mt) in 2004 with a substantial increase in Matpe, Toor Whole (Pigeon pea), and Mung beans. The growth in production is due entirely to an anticipated increase in the harvest area and a return to more normal weather patterns. Total harvested area is forecast at 3.4 million hectares.

Burma is forecast to export about 900,000 mt of pulses in MY 2004. Burma exported 852,000 mt in MY 2003, a decrease of 8 percent as compared to MY 2002 when Burma exported 926,000 mt. In MY 2003, Toor Whole (Pigeon pea) constituted 25 percent, Matpe 46 percent, Mung bean 15 percent and other pulses 14 percent of the total exports. Other beans include: Butter beans (Lima beans) Chick peas, Black Eye beans, Small white beans, Bamboo beans, Kidney beans. Unlike rice, the export of beans and pulses is not controlled and private exporters compete in the domestic market with the Myanmar Agricultural Produce Trading (MAPT), an agency of the Ministry of Commerce that procures beans and pulses for exports.

However, the export of chickpeas is still monopolized by the GOB. But, private traders are allowed to export through MAPT under a new trade scheme recently implemented by the Ministry of Commerce.

The government is encouraging the production of a more diversified basket of agriculture products for export including beans and pulses. It would like to see an expansion of the beans and pulses area in the coming years and for exports to increase significantly, for Burma is designated as a leading country among other ASEAN countries in the growing beans and pulses export trade. Nevertheless, the beans and pulses export trade will depend on government policy. Beans and pulses have become the major foreign exchange earner for the country after the GOB imposed a rice export ban in January 2004. The GOB also plans to increase beans and pulses area through land reclamation projects carried out by private entrepreneurs in Upper and Lower Burma. Since about 65 percent of the total beans and pulses are sown in the cold season while there is residual moisture left after the rainy season, it is the most feasible cash crop to grow in the reclaimed wetland areas after water recedes in October.

According to the GOB, Burma has become the second largest exporter of beans and pulses in the world, after Canada, and aims to penetrate high-end markets such as Japan and various Middle Eastern Countries for Mung beans, Matpe, and Toor Whole (Pigeon pea).

Burma grows eighteen varieties of pulses for domestic consumption and export. Out of these eighteen varieties, Matpe, Mung bean, Chickpea, Cowpea, Toor Whole (Pigeon pea), Black Eye beans, small white beans and Butter beans (Lima beans) are the major export varieties.

The prices of beans and pulses in the domestic market have also declined since last August. The prices of raw Matpe were about Kyat 24,000(Kyat 800= $ 1.00 U.S.) per bag (98 kilos) in January 2003, and then fell to Kyat 10,800 during the first week of August. The ready cargo price for Matpe was Kyat 120,000 per metric tons in August, down from Kyat 240,000 per metric ton at the beginning of CY2002. Even though current prices are higher than in August, the prices are still lower than in previous years. The fall off in Indian demand is the primary reason for the price decline in CY2003. The principal pulses exported in CY2003 were Matpe, Toor Whole (Pigeon Pea) and Mung beans. India remained the major buyer of Burma’s beans and pulses in CY2003 taking 85 percent of the total exports and is likely to continue as the major recipient in the future.
MGR Archive 7.8.2004
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Region Type Price  
Russia Rapan $ 700
USA Jupiter Rice $630
USA Calrose #1 $830
USA Calrose #1 Paddy $480
EU Prices Baldo €660
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